JHL 37(2) Reliability of Markers for Breast Hypoplasia in the Early Postpartum Period

Independent Study Module for International Board Certified Lactation Consultants®

Title: Reliability of Markers for Breast Hypoplasia in the Early Postpartum Period

Author(s): Renee L. Kam, BPhysio, IBCLC, Meagh Cullinane, BSc, PhD, Don Vicendese, PhD, and Lisa H. Amir, MBBS, MMed, PhD, IBCLC

Source: Journal of Human Lactation: 37(2) 2021

After completing this study module, the learner will be able to:

1. Evaluate the reliability of using intra-mammary width and certain breast appearances as markers of breast hypoplasia

2. Identify what breast hypoplasia looks like and how to measure breasts for the hypoplasia markers used in this study

3. Identify areas for future research

1 L-CERP and contact hour(s)

IBLCE Category: Clinical Skills; Pathology


1. Be sure to read the article more than once.

2. Read key messages and charts within the article.

3. Reference the article as you answer the questions.

4. Pay attention to keywords in the question prompt to help in locating the article section which contains the answer.

5. Reference the learning objectives of the study module in order to answer questions.

You will have two attempts to achieve a passing score of 70% on this module.

Expires: 1 June 2025


Disclosures: ILCA accepts no commercial support for continuing education activities. The activity planners have no conflicts of interest to declare.

The author(s) declared no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.

CERPs: ILCA is an approved provider of Continuing Education Recognition Points (CERPs) with the International Board of Lactation Consultant Examiners (IBLCE). (CLT-108-7).

ANCC: ILCA is accredited as a provider of nursing continuing professional development by the American Nurses Credentialing Center’s Commission on Accreditation. Approval Number ILCA-P0286. Accepted for BRN credit by the Board of Registered Nursing.


Open to download resource.
Open to download resource.
5 Questions  |  2 attempts  |  4/5 points to pass
5 Questions  |  2 attempts  |  4/5 points to pass
8 Questions
1.00 L CERP credit  |  Certificate available
1.00 L CERP credit  |  Certificate available